The ability to listen and learn from one another has always been vital in parliament, in business and in most aspects of daily life. But at this particular moment in time, as national and global events continue to reiterate, it is uncommonly crucial that we forge new channels of communication and reinforce existing ones. The following article from The Boxing Academy is an attempt to do just that. We would welcome your thoughts on this or any other Parliamentary Review article.
The Boxing Academy
Rt Hon The Lord David Blunkett
Rt Hon The Lord Eric Pickles
1THE BOXING ACADEMY |
BEST PRACTICE REPRESENTATIVE
Headteacher Anna Cain
Role models as a source of
The Boxing Academy offers opportunities for learning and
development to the most hard-to-reach young people,
realised through the discipline and ethos of boxing. It
started life as a community project in a boxing gym and opened
its doors to 12 pupils in the first year. The academy converted
into an alternative provision free school in 2017 and is the only
government-funded boxing-based school in Britain. Anna Cain
was appointed headteacher in 2009 and developed its unique
and innovative approach to working with the most challenging
and vulnerable children in the education system. The school has
a reputation for achieving extraordinary outcomes for a cohort
that many have written off – something Anna expands upon.
The Boxing Academy caters for pupils who are at risk of exclusion, or who have
already been excluded, from mainstream education. For many of our pupils,
education has felt like nothing more than an elaborate punishment since they
started in reception. Prior to us, they have not settled into an incremental process
of learning, nor have they become acquainted with the value of a “proper” job,
so they struggle to negotiate the school journey. Primary school with its nurturing
structure can be moderately successful, but the transition to secondary is often the
trigger for a cycle of disengagement, exclusion and low self-esteem.
The evidence around the importance of education during early teenage years is
compelling. Statistics published by the Youth Justice Board show that over 85 per
cent of the 15 to 18-year-olds currently held in prisons had been excluded from
school, and around 40 per cent had last been at school when they wereunder14.
THE BOXING ACADEMY
»Headteacher: Anna Cain
»Founded in 2007
»Based in Hackney, East London
»Type of school: Alternative
provision free school
»No. of pupils: 40
»No. of staff: 17
»100 per cent of leavers
have gone on to further
education, apprenticeships or
employment since 2014
»TES AP School of the Year
The Boxing Academy
THE PARLIAMENTARY REVIEW
Highlighting best practice
2| THE BOXING ACADEMY
These pupils are vulnerable to
exploitation, and being excluded is
a lengthy process that leaves them
sitting at home waiting for a referral,
which makes them a perfect candidate
for gangs to groom as carriers.
Most of them have attachment or
trauma-related issues from early
childhood and can present as
aggressive, violent and antisocial in
order to mask their vulnerability. In the
early years of the Boxing Academy,
I was advised to offer shorter – that
is, more lucrative – placements for
schools who wanted respite, but we
do not believe this is in our pupils’ best
interests. There is no quick fix; they
require a longer-term commitment than
most alternative programmes allow.
Helping those who most need
A typical Boxing Academy journey is
two years long, throughout Key Stage
4, at which point they reintegrate
back into mainstream education by
progression to an apprenticeship or
college. Some pupils have even been
accepted back into the sixth form at
the school that referred them to us.
The Boxing Academy has a capacity of
40 pupils, of which currently five are
girls, and all of them are registered as
SEN Support. There are eight pupils
on an EHC Plan and three are LAC.
Of our current cohort, 20 per cent
attended more than two secondary
schools during KS3, and 58 per cent
have been rejected from two or more
alternative provision placements before
coming to the Boxing Academy. Most
of them have an episode of violence
or aggression on their school record
that makes it easy for placements to be
refused in other APs.
Nevertheless, our outcomes are
exceptional in the sector: pupils make
significantly more than mainstream
expectations of progress from their
baseline starting point, and all of
our leavers gain a place in further
education or an apprenticeship. During
most weeks at the Boxing Academy,
a former pupil will drop in to do
some boxing, seek advice or give us
an update. They’re all still part of
Our ethos reflects our origins as a
boxing gym: a small, comfortable
and familial environment with clear
boundaries, a system of rewards and
an emphasis on discipline, achievement
and hard work. The school’s success is
built on relationships, and the boxers
we employ as pastoral staff are key,
because young people instinctively look
up to and respect them as strong role
models. Within the boxing gym, they
present a positive image of respect
for others, discipline, responsibility,
a work ethic and good manners.
Having a consistent adult role model
in a child’s life allows for genuine
breakthroughs in behaviour, conflict
resolution and anger management,
as well as academic improvement and
We’re registered as a boxing club
with England Boxing, so the training
is of the highest quality. Interestingly,
though, most pupils referred to us
don’t usually have any interest in
Raising aspirations and
All of our
leavers gain a
3THE BOXING ACADEMY |
BEST PRACTICE REPRESENTATIVE
boxing. However, once they’ve settled
in, they agree that boxing gets them
fit, teaches them anger management
and discipline, and improves their
confidence and concentration. The
boxers support them both in the gym
and during academic classes, which
provides consistency throughout the
day. Our staff are locally recruited,
trained and emotionally intelligent.
They get involved in their pupils’ lives,
even collecting them from home if they
need support with their attendance.
The result is a strong relationship that
provides a foundation from which the
pupils can rebuild their self-esteem and
start a positive cycle of achievement.
We believe our duty to provide a
good education involves much more
than classroom teaching and exams.
It involves debunking myths such
as “prison is calm” and countering
their ingrained belief that nothing
positive will ever happen to them,
so they might as well not try. To
be independent and successful in
adulthood, they need to experience
a flavour of the world outside
their filters, a world that they find
uncomfortable at first.
City firms are kind enough to host us
for days of employability workshops
and lunch in the boardroom so that
they can experience the challenges
and opportunities for skill-building
that are essential to grow strong. Our
pupils also visit museums, work on
art projects in universities and host
visitors at the Academy. For pupils
who were routinely hidden from view
in the mainstream, it is empowering
to be presenting to guests, parents
and local dignitaries. We take them
out of their comfort zone, but with
all the wraparound support, love and
encouragement that our noisy family
of a school provides.
This is why, in January 2019, we took
a party of pupils and staff skiing in the
French Alps (funded in full by a kind
donor). To avoid educational and social
isolation, children need to work through
their fears and conquer their doubts.
If you help disadvantaged children see
the world and form an understanding
of how other people live (here and
abroad), then you build resilience, which
raises aspirations, improves confidence
and expands opportunities. As the
saying goes: “Prepare the child for the
road, not the road for the child.”
registered as a
Boxing, so the
training is of
Engagement as a key to
The Rt Hon Professor The Lord Blunkett's Foreword For The Parliamentary Review
A new Prime Minister, a new Education Secretary and, as we're all painfully aware, a deeply uncertain future. It is in this context that the education service continues to deliver for individuals, communities and of course for our nation.
There is no doubt whatsoever that the education service as a whole, schools, post 16/Further Education, and yes, lifelong learning, needs the most enormous injection of cash. Independent analysis shows that there has been at least an 8% average reduction in the amount of spend per pupil in our schools. Those damaged most by this have been pupils with special educational needs, whose voices are sadly rarely heard. The necessity of urgent action was underlined in July by the report of the all-party House of Commons Select Committee on Education. They could not have been clearer about the need for substantial funding and a long-term 10-year commitment.
At the same time, there are a number of reviews taking place. One of them, in relation to post-16 qualifications, is in danger of a classic mistake by politicians and officials who have little or no understanding of the complex territory they're dealing with. Namely, the ridiculous proposition that BTEC National Diplomas might be set aside because 'T Levels are the gold standard'!
I'm in favour of T Levels, but in the right context and for the right outcome. They are intended to be extremely focused specialist qualifications in defined areas of employment. When and if they eventually take off – there is predicted to be just a thousand students in 2021-22 taking up the qualification – they will not replace the BTEC, which has been the workhorse providing a general and high-quality education for decades. The BTEC has equipped young people for a variety of opportunities in a very changing employment market where the development of artificial intelligence, robotics, and changed working practices makes confining the choice of vocational pathways to one narrow focus, frankly ridiculous.
Meanwhile, her Majesty's Opposition continue to throw out titbits which do not give, as yet, a very clear idea of what, if elected, Labour would do in office. What is needed is positive proposals. Abolishing this, that or the other – assessments/tests for those leaving primary school, for instance – is not the same thing as a very forward-looking agenda for radical improvement in standards and equity between those who can and cannot afford additional help for their children.
There are a handful of Labour Party members, supported by some people who ought to know better, who have decided that a full-frontal assault on private education would be a good idea. For those worried about this, stop worrying. A party that put this in its manifesto wouldn't get elected, and if by some fluke it did, it would be challenged in the courts to the point where all the contradictions would be exposed for everyone to see.
Just contemplate one simple fact. 20% of secondary schoolchildren in the borough of Hackney attend private schools! Yes, Hackney. This is because a large number of parents, some of whom scrape the money together, are sending their children to private education in London which happens to be the area of England with the best academic outcomes from state education. What's more, very large numbers (again, particularly in London) pay for private tutors. At the last estimate 40% of parents in London had at some point over the last year paid for a tutor for their child!
Perhaps therefore an opposition party, hoping to provide unity rather than division, opportunity for all rather than a futile class battle against educational privilege, would seek ways of ensuring that those who can't afford tutors have the kind of support outside school that would put them on equal terms.
One thing is very certain, no government would be able to stop parents buying additional tutoring for their children.
So, a practical agenda for equalising opportunity, for investing where it's needed most, for transforming the pipeline from school through college, apprenticeships, or university, is a goal worth fighting for. A positive way of linking business and education through political decision-making, with the delivery by excellent professionals in the education service, to the children of today and the economy of tomorrow. Surely that is a much more progressive and less negative way forward for both government and opposition.